Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC SSC JSC BCS and Others

Pre শব্দের অর্থ পূর্বে এবং Position শব্দের অর্থ অবস্থান। যে Word Noun বা Pronoun-এর পূর্বে বসে সেই Noun বা Pronoun-এর সঙ্গে বাক্যের অন্যান্য Word-এর সঙ্গে সম্পর্ক স্থাপন করে তাকে Preposition বলে।

যেমন : There is a cow in the field. এখানে in Preposition এবং তা Cow এবং field-এর মধ্যে সম্পর্ক স্থাপন করেছে।

গঠন কার্যকারিতা ভেদে Preposition-এর শ্রেণি বিন্যাস

1. Simple Preposition : এ কটি Word দ্বারা গঠিত Prepositionই হলো Simple Preposition যেমন : In, On, by, at, with, ইত্যাদি।

2. Double Preposition: দুটি Simple Preposition যুক্ত হয়ে Double Preposition-এর মতো ব্যবহৃত হয়। যেমন: Within (with+in), into (in+to)

3. Compound Preposition : Noun, adjective বা adverb-এর পূর্বে Simple Preposition যুক্ত হয়ে যে Preposition গঠিত হয় তাকে Compound Preposition বলে। এখানে On এর স্থানে a এবং by এর স্থানে b বা be হয়। যেমন : about (on+by+out), below (by+low)

4. Phrase Preposition : দুই বা ততোধিক Preposition (বাWord) একত্রে Phrase Preposition গঠন করে। যেমন : In front of, In order to , In lieu of ইত্যাদি।

5. Participle Preposition: Participle of verb (Present or past) কখনো কখনো Preposition-এর মতো ব্যবহৃত হয়। যেমন: I saw the people walking past him.

6. Disguised Preposition : অনেক ক্ষেত্রে লক্ষ্য করা যায় on, at, of, Preposition-এর পরিবর্তে a বা o ব্যবহৃত হয়। এরূপ a বা o কে Disguised Preposition বলে।

7. Special Preposition : Than ও but মূলত Conjunction হলেও কখনো আবার Preposition রূপে ব্যবহৃত হয়। তখন তাদের Special Preposition বলে। যেমন : Iam older than her.

8. Verbal Preposition : এই জাতীয় Preposition Verb-এর পূর্বে যুক্ত হয়ে নতুন Verb গঠন করে। যেমন : Overlook (Over+look), Withdraw (with+draw).


At এর ব্যবহার

১।অবস্থান বুঝাইতে নাম উল্লেখিত ছোট স্থানের আগে যেমনঃ গ্রাম, এলাকা, মহল্লা ও ছোট শহরের আগে at বসে।যেমনঃ at Baratengra, at Chashara

২। সময় বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ I go to bed at 10 o’ clock.

৩।অবস্থা বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ The country is at war now.

৪।হার / গতি বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ Iffat was driving the car at 100 kilometers per hour.

৫।দায়িত্ব বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ You must repair it at your own cost.

৬।দূরত্ব বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ Barguna is at 50 kilometers from here.

৭।বয়স বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ He lost his father at 10.

৮।দিক বুঝাইতে at বসে। যেমনঃ He pointed the gun at him.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর at বসে।

arrive, astonished, annoyed, envy, fire, knock, shame, smile, laugh, surprised, louch, wonder, alarm, jeer.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

To এর ব্যবহার

১।কোন স্থানে আসা এবং যাওয়া বুঝালে ঐ স্থানের আগে to বসে।যেমনঃ i. He goes to school everyday. ii. He came to Bangladesh in 1971.

বিঃদ্রঃ আসা এবং যাওয়া বুঝালেও home, abroad, here, there এর আগে to বসে না।

ব্যতিক্রমঃ From here to there.

২।বাক্যে V+তে / র = to+V1. যেমনঃ i. He told me to read a book. ii. I have nothing to give you.

৩।ব্যক্তির কাছে বুঝালে তার আগে to বসে।যেমনঃ He came to me.

৪।অনুসারে বুঝাতে to বসে।যেমনঃ The food is to my test.

৫।সীমানার বাইরে বুঝাতে to বসে।যেমনঃ Japan is to the east of our country.

৬।পর্যন্ত বুঝাতে to বসে।যেমনঃ They fought to the last.

৭।পরিমান / হার বুঝাতে to বসে।যেমনঃ There are 2.54 c.m. to an inch.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর to বসে।

Incline, harmful, beneficial, injurious, according, accustomed, add, admit, adjacent, affectionate, attend, bar, cling, belong, close, commit, common, known, confined, congenial, contrary, dedicate, devote, expose, exceptional, yield, grateful, hostile, indebted, introduced, irrelevant, liable, loyal, object, prefer, preferable, senior, junior, superior, talk, inferior, prone, refer, reply, speak, lead, eager, willing.

In এর ব্যবহার

১।কোন বিষয় বা ভাষায় বুঝালে তার আগে in বসে। যেমনঃ in English, in Accounting, in Arabic.

২।বড় স্থান বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ We live in Dhaka.

৩।সময়ের ক্ষেত্রে ( মাস / বছর / ঋতুর নাম ) বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ We get freedom in December in 1971.

৪।ক্ষেত্র বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ I am unable to help you in this regard.

৫।অবস্থা বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ He is in good health.

৬।বিবেচনা বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ You have to do it in your own interest.

৭।পেশার ক্ষেত্র বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ He has been in politics.

৮।মাধ্যম বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ You have to pay the bill in cash.

৯।অনুপাতের ক্ষেত্র বুঝাতে in বসে। যেমনঃ In England, one in three enters higher education.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর in বসে।

expert, excel, indulge, succeed, believe, assist, interested, consist (নিহিত অর্থে), lie, encourage, glory, persist, rich, trade.

For এর ব্যবহার

১।সময়ের আগে ধরে / যাবৎ / ব্যাপিয়া বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃ It has been raining for two hours.

২।জন্য বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃ What can I do for you?

৩।সাহায্য অর্থে বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃ Would you please do it for me?

৪।কারন বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃ Rajshahi is famous for its mangoes.

৫।সমর্থন বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃ Are you for the proposal?

৬।মূল্য বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃI bought this pen for 20 taka.

৭।বিনিময় বুঝাইতে for বসে। যেমনঃ You will get a coupon for every 100 takas you pay.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর for বসে।

compensate, ask, affection, appetite, bound, care, desire, long, fit, search, seek, thirst, zeal, zest.

From এর ব্যবহার

১। কারো নিকট হইতে অথবা কোন স্থান হইতে বুঝাইলে from বসে। যেমনঃ

আমার নিকট হইতে = from me.

ঢাকা থেকে = From Dhaka.

i. The man comes from abroad. ii. Don’t get down from a running bus.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর from বসে।

refrain, resist, obtain, prohibited, protect, prevent, preserve, aloof, deferent, suffer.

Of এর ব্যবহার

১।সম্পর্ক বুঝাতে of বসে। যেমনঃ I know nothing of it.

২।অধিকার / মালিকানা বুঝাতে of বসে। যেমনঃ It is the house of Mr. Khan.

৩।উৎপন্ন / উদ্ভুত অর্থ বুঝাতে of বসে। যেমনঃ He comes of a respectable family.

৪।উপকরণ বুঝাতে of বসে। যেমনঃ The house is made of stone.

৫।কারন বুঝাতে of বসে। যেমনঃ The young boy of cholera.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর of বসে।

fond, sure, conscious, aware, inform, proud, boast, capable, deprive, devoid, accused, charged, advantage, dull, afraid, approve, bereft, cause, consist(গঠিত অর্থে), cure, in the habit, in favor, envious, fear, full, ignorant, get rid, jealous, shortage.

On এর ব্যবহার

১।নদীর তীরে বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ Dhaka is on the Buriganga.

২।কোন কিছুর উপরে সংলগ্ন বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ The book is on the table.

৩।Floor এর সংখ্যা বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ The office is on the 4th floor.

৪।সীমানার উপর বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ The Buriganga is on the south of Dhaka.

৫।বার / তারিখের পূর্বে এবং দিবসের আগে বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ He will come back on Sunday on the 5th May.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

৬।সম্বন্ধে বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ He wrote an essay on the cow.

৭।নির্ভরতা বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ We live on rice.

৮।অনুসারে বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ He has taken leave on medical advice.

৯।সময়ের বর্ণনা বুঝাতে on বসে। যেমনঃ The river looks beautiful on a moonlit night.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর on বসে।

congratulate, comment, pride, rely on, bestowed, insist, determined, depend, impose, reflect, take pity.

By এর ব্যবহার

১।কোন উপায় বা পদ্বতির মাধ্যমে বুঝাইতে তার আগে by বসে। যেমনঃ By hard labour.

২।পাশে বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ He sat by me.

৩। মাধ্যম বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ Nipu achieved success by determination.

৪।পথ অর্থে বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ I shall travel by road.

৫।শপথ নেয়া বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ I swear by almighty Allah.

৬।Passive Form-এ by বসে। যেমনঃ The work was done by me.

৭পরিমাপ বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ The room is 12 feet by 10 feet.

৮সময়(সুনির্দিষ্ট) বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ He will come back by 5 pm.

৯।হার বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ They are improving day by day.

১০।কারো সম্পর্কে জানতে অর্থ বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ He is an American by birth.

১১।যানবাহনে ভ্রমণ বুঝাতে by বসে। যেমনঃ We went to Khulna by bus.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর by বসে।

accompanied, affected, judge.

With এর ব্যবহার

১।সাথে বুঝাতে with বসে। যেমনঃ He came with me.

২।দ্বারা / দিয়া বুঝাতে with বসে। যেমনঃ I killed the snake with a stick,

৩।কারন with বসে। যেমনঃ The shadow lengthened with the approach of the sun.

নিম্নের শব্দ গুলোর পর with বসে।

burden, cope, keep, up, keep pace, acquitted, angry, annoy, beset, blessed, covered, compare(ব্যক্তির সাথে হলে with কিন্তু জিনিসের সাথে হলে to), content, familiar, invest, popular, reward.

Off-এর ব্যবহার

১: নির্দিষ্ট স্থান থেকে দূরে কিংবা সময়ের ব্যবধান বোঝাতে off ব্যবহূত হয়। যেমন: (a) I called him but he ran off. (b) Summer is not far off now.

২: কোনো কিছু দূরীভূত হয়েছে বোঝাতে off ব্যবহূত হয়। যেমন: (a) Take your shoes off. (b) He has had his beard shaved off.

৩: বন্ধ কিংবা বাতিল বোঝাতে off ব্যবহূত হয়। যেমন: The ceremony is off.

The switch of the fan has been made off.

৪: কর্ম থেকে দূরে বা ছুটি বোঝাতে off ব্যবহূত হয়। যেমন: (a) She is off today. (b) I have got three days off next week.

Into এর ব্যবহার

১।গতিশীলতা বুঝাতে into বসে। যেমনঃ The teacher entered into the classroom.

২।অবস্থার পরিবর্তন বুঝাতে into বসে। যেমনঃ Water is changed into snow.

৩।সংঘর্ষ বুঝাতে into বসে। যেমনঃ The truck crashed into a parked car.

৪।সংখ্যায় ভাগ হওয়া বুঝাতে into বসে। যেমনঃ They were divided into three groups.

৫।নির্দেশ বুঝাতে into বসে। যেমনঃ Speak clearly into the microphone.

Above এর ব্যবহার

১।উপরে বুঝাতে above বসে। যেমনঃ The water came above our knees.

২।অবস্থান বুঝাতে above বসে। যেমনঃ The sun is above our head now.

৩।পরিমাণে বুঝাতে above বসে। যেমনঃ Present temperature is above average.

৪।এতটাই সৎ / ভালো বুঝাতে above বসে। যেমনঃ Hemani is above suspicion.

৫।অতিমাত্রা বুঝাতে above বসে। যেমনঃ I couldn’t hear him above the noise of the traffic.

About এর ব্যবহার

১।সম্পর্কে / বিষয়ে বুঝাতে about বসে। যেমনঃ I knew something about it.

২।চারদিকে বুঝাতে about বসে। যেমনঃ The runners were running about the circle.

৩।উপলক্ষ বুঝাতে about বসে। যেমনঃ He came here about the marriage ceremony.

৪।প্রায় / কাছাকাছি বুঝাতে about বসে। যেমনঃ He has lost about 1 lac taka.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

After এর ব্যবহার

১।পরে বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ He came after me.

২।অসংখ্যবার বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ I’ve told him time after not to do that.

৩।পিছনে পিছনে বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ They run after the thief.

৪।ব্যাপক সময় বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ He returned home after a month.

৫।ঠিক পরবর্তী কোন কিছু বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ Issa is the tallest after Mimi.

৬।মোটের উপর বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ After all, he is a good boy.

৭।বিপরিত ঘটনা বুঝাতে after বসে। যেমনঃ The house is pleasantly cool after the extreme heat outside.

Before এর ব্যবহার

১।পূর্বে বুঝাতে before বসে। যেমনঃ He came before lunch.

২।সম্মুখে / সামনে বুঝাতে before বসে। যেমনঃ He stood before me.

৩।তূলনামূলক ভাবে আগে / বিশেষ গুরুত্ব বুঝাতে before বসে। যেমনঃ He puts his work before everything.

Among এর ব্যবহার

১। কিছুর মধ্যে( চারদিক বেষ্টিত ) বুঝাতে among বসে। যেমনঃ There is a house among the trees.

২।দু’য়ের অধিকের মধ্যে বুঝাতে among বসে। যেমনঃ Divided the mangoes among the three boys.

Within এর ব্যবহার

১।সময়ের মধ্যে বুঝাতে within বসে। যেমনঃ He will come back within a month.

২।সামর্থ্যের মধ্যে বুঝাতে within বসে। যেমনঃ We should live within our means.

Over এর ব্যবহার

১।উপর বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ There is a bridge over the river.

২।পারাপার বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ They run over the glass.

৩। সমগ্র / সারা অর্থ বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ They have traveled over the world.

৪।বিপরিত পাশ বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ They live over the road.

৫।অধিক বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ He was in America for over a month.

৬।উপরস্থ কর্মকর্তা বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ He has a director over him.

৭।মাধ্যম বুঝাতে over বসে। যেমনঃ He talked over the telephone.

Under এর ব্যবহার

১।নিচে বুঝাতে under বসে। যেমনঃ The ball is under the table.

২।ছোট / কম পরিমান / বয়স বুঝাতে under বসে। যেমনঃ i. He is under 20. ii. He earns under 5000.

৩।অধীনে আর্থ বুঝাতে under বসে। যেমনঃ The building is under construction.

৪।অবস্থা বুঝাতে under বসে। যেমনঃ He is under sentence to death.

Between এর ব্যবহার

১।দুইয়ের মধ্যে বুঝাতে between ব্যবহৃত হয়। যেমনঃ i. He stood between his two brothers. ii. Divide the mango between two sisters.

Without এর ব্যবহার

১।ছাড়া অর্থ বুঝাতে without ব্যবহৃত হয়। যেমনঃ i. He found the place without difficulty. ii. We can’t live without water.

Beyond এর ব্যবহার

১।পিছনে / অপরদিক অর্থ বুঝাতে beyond বসে। যেমনঃ The road continues beyond the villages up into the hills.

২।সময়ের পরে বুঝাতে beyond বসে। যেমনঃ It won’t go on beyond midnight.

৩।সাধ্যের বাইরে বুঝাতে beyond বসে। যেমনঃ The car was beyond repair.

Since এর ব্যবহার

১।‘হইতে’ অর্থে point of time এর পূর্বে since বসে। যেমনঃ since 1971, since Sunday, since June.

Beside এর ব্যবহার

১।পাশে বুঝাতে by এর মত beside বসে। যেমনঃ beside me, besides the man, besides you.

Through এর ব্যবহার

১।ভিতর / মধ্য দিয়ে বুঝাতে Through বসে। যেমনঃ through the forest, through struggle.

Across এর ব্যবহার

১।আড়াআড়ি ভাবে / অপর পার্শ্বে বুঝাতে across বসে। যেমনঃ i. Go across the street, ii. My house is just across the road.

Off এর ব্যবহার

১।দূরে / বিচ্ছিন্ন অর্থে off বসে। যেমনঃ i. Be off from here, ii. Switch the fan off.

Below এর ব্যবহার

১।নিম্নে বর্নিত, নির্দিষ্ট পরিমাণ বা সংখ্যা কম,পর্যায়ের নিচে বুঝাতে across বসে। যেমনঃ i. My particulars are given below. ii. Rahim has got below 80% marks. iii. He lives below middle-class status.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Down এর ব্যবহার

১।উপর থেকে নিচের দিকে বুঝাইতে down বসে। যেমনঃ The boy has fallen down from the roof

Up এর ব্যবহার

১। নিচ থেকে উপরের দিকে বুঝাইতে up বসে। যেমনঃ i. Go up the hill. ii. Climb up the tree.

Besides এর ব্যবহার

১।এছাড়াও বুঝাইতে besides বসে। যেমনঃ I have another pen beside this.

Appropriate Preposition

Abide by – You should abide by the rules

Abound in – Fish abounds in this pond.

Abound with – the river abounds with fish

Absent from – He was absent from school

Absorbed in – He is absorbed in studies

Access to – The public has no access to this garden

According to – according to your order I went there

Accompanied by – He was accompanied by his father

Acquainted with – I am acquainted with him.

Accused of – He is accused of theft.

Accustomed to – I am accustomed to such a life

Acquit (one) of – I acquit you of the charge.

Add to – Add this to that

Addicted to – He is addicted to wine

Adjacent to – His school is adjacent to his house

Admit of – Your conduct/ It admits of no excuse [ Admit is followed by of only when it has an impersonal subject, i.e. it or an abstract noun (such as, conduct). But when the subject is personal, admit is not followed by of. I admit (accept) no excuse.]

Admit to – He was admitted to Class VI.

Admit into – He was admitted into the room.

Affection for – The teacher feels affection for every pupil

Affectionate to – He is affectionate to me

Afraid of – I am not afraid of ghosts

Agree with )a person), on (a point), to (a proposal)

I agree with you on this point, but I cannot agree to all the proposals.

Aim at – He aimed his gun at the bird

Alarmed at – We were alarmed at the news

Allot to – One room has been allotted to him

Alternative to – This question is an alternative to that

Aloof from – Keep yourself aloof from bad company

Ambition for – He has no ambition for fame in life

Angry with (a person), for (something), at (one’s conduct) – He is angry with me for speaking against him. I am angry at your conduct.

Annoyed with (a person), for (something) – I was annoyed with him for being late

Anxious about, for – I am anxious about your health. He is anxious for getting a job.

Apart from – apart from the prize, he got a certificate.

Appeal to (a person), for (something) against (a wrong) – He appealed to the Headmaster for pardon. They appealed against the verdict of the lower court.

Appetite for – The patient has no appetite for food

Apply to (a person), for (a thing) – He applied to the Secretary for the post

Aptitude for – I have no aptitude for Mathematics

Arrive at – we arrived at the station in time

Argue with (a person), for or against ( a thing) – I argued with him for (or against) the point

Assign to – He assigned the task to me

Ashamed of – He is not ashamed of his conduct

Ashamed for – I feel ashamed for you (A.L.D. – Hornby)

Attend to – attend to your lesson

Attach to – attach this slip to the letter

Attend on (upon) – She attends on (upon) her mother

Avail (oneself) of – You must avail yourself of the opportunity

Aware of – He is aware of the fact

Based on – Your remarks are not based on facts.

Beg ( a person) for ( a thing) – He begged me for the favor

Beg ( a thing ) of (a person) – He begged the favor of me

Believe in – I do not believe in his honesty

Belong to – This book belongs to me

Bent on – He is bent on doing this

Beware of – Beware of pickpockets

Blessed with – He is blessed with (=possesses) good health

Blessed in – He is blessed ( = happy) in his children.

Blind of – He is blind of one eye

Blind to – He is blind to his own faults

Blush with, for – She blushed with shame

[There is no cause to blush for me (COD)]

Boast of – Do not boast of your wealth

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Born of, in – He was born of poor parents. He was born in poverty

Bound for – The ship is bound for England

Brood on, over – Do not brood over your misfortune

Burst out – He burst out laughing at my joke

Busy with – He is busy with his studies

Callous to – He is callous to my suffering

Capable of – He is capable of doing this alone

Capacity for – He has capacity for hard work

Care for – I do not care for you

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Care of – He is certain of his ground

Charge (a person) with (a fault), on or against (a person) – He was charged with theft. A theft was charged on (against) him

Close to – The school is very close to our house

Clothed in, with – He is clothed in wool. He was clothed with shame. [ A.L.D]

Clue to – Find out the clue to the mystery

Come of – He comes of a noble family.

Commence on – Our examination commences on the 3rd July

Comment on – He commented favorably on the point

Comment on – He commented favorably on the point

Compare with (similar things), to (dissimilar things) – Rabindranath may be compared with Shakespeare. Anger is compared to fire.

Compete with (someone), for (something) – I competed with him for the first prize.

Complain to ( a person), against (another), about ( a thing) – They complained (made a complaint) to the Director against the Manager about his behavior

Comply with – I shall comply with your request

Composed if – Water is composed of Hydrogen and Oxygen

Confident of – I am confident of success

Confined in (a room), to (bed) – He is confined in a room for five days. He is confined to bed.

Congratulate on – I congratulate you on your success.

Conscious of – He is conscious of his weakness

Consist of – This class consists of fifty boys./ The committee consists of five members

Consist in – Happiness consists in contentment.

Consist with – His statement does not consist with reason

Consistent with – Your action is not consistent with the rules

Consult with ( a person), on or about (a thing) – I consulted with him on/about the matter.

Contrary to – His action is contrary to his words

Contribute to – He contributed one thousand rupees to the Flood Relief Fund

Control over – He has no control over his brother

Count for – His advice counts for nothing (i.e. of no effect)

Count upon – I cannot cope with the situation

Crave for – He craves for wealth (COD)

Deaf of – He is deaf of one ear. (COD)

Deaf to – He is deaf to my request

Deal in – He deals in rice/ clothes etc

Deal with – He deals well with the customers

Dedicate to – This book is dedicated to his father

Delight in – He takes delight in music

Depend on – Success depends on hard work

Deprived of – He was deprived of his property

Desire for – He has no desire for fame

Desirous of – He is desirous of building a new house

Despair of – Do not despair of success.

Destined to – He was destined to death

Devoid of – He is devoid of common sense

Devote to – he devotes much time to study

Die of (a disease), from (an effect), for (a cause), by (poison), in (peace) – He died of cholera. He died from over-eating. He died for his country. He died of poison. Let me die in peace.

Differ with (a person), on (a Point), in (opinion) – I differ with you on this point. They differ in their opinions.

Differ from – This thing differs from that

Difference between – There is no difference between the two brothers

Different from – This book is different from that.

Diffident of – I am diffident of success.

Disgrace to – He is a disgrace to his family./ Slums are a disgrace to any city.

Disgusted with (a person), at (a thing) – I am disgusted with him at his conduct

Dislike for – He has a dislike for dogs.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Displeased with ( a person) at (a thing) – I am displeased with him at his conduct.

Dispose of – He disposed of his books

Dispose of – The old books were disposed of

Distinguish one thing from (another) – A child cannot distinguish good from evil

Distinguish between – Distinguish between a phrase and a clause

Divert from – The loud music diverted my attention from study

Divide into (parts) – It was divided into several parts

Divide between (two), among (more than two) – Divide the mangoes between Ram and Shyam. Divide the mangoes among the boys

Due to – His absence is due to illness./ He is absent due to his illness.

Dull at – He is dull at Physics/ Mathematics etc.

Eager for, about – He is eager for promotion in service. He is eager about the result. (COD)

Eligible for – He is eligible for the post

Encroach on – Do not encroach on my land

End in – All his plans ended in smoke

Endowed with – He is endowed with talents

Engaged with (a person) in (a work) – I was engaged with him in talk

Engaged to – Lila was engaged to him.

Enquire of (a person), into (a matter) – He enquired of me into the matter

Enter into – He entered into details. [but] he entered the room.

Envy of – I have no envy of home(p.o.d)

Envious of- I am not envious of his riches.

Entitled to – he is entitled to a reward for his honesty.

Equal in ( rank), with ( a person), to (a task) – Mr. bose is equal in rank with Mr.Ghosh. he rose equal to the occasion.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Escape from- the man escaped from the prison.

Escape by- he escaped by a hairbreadth.

Esteem for- he has esteem for the superiors.

Essential to – food is essential to health.

Excel in he excels in painting)cod)

Excuse for- he will not be excused for coming late.

Excuse from- they may be excused from complying with this regulation.

Exempt from- He has been exempted from the fine.

Faith in – I have no faith in him/ he has no faith in religion.

Faith with (breakfast)- he broke faith with me.

Faithful to – the dog is faithful to his master.

False to – I cannot be false (unfaithful) to my friend.

Famous for Radha Nagar is famous for being the birthplace of raja ram Mohan.

Familiar with – he is familiar with my brother.

Fatal to the doctor’s mistake proved fatal to the patient’s life.

Favor with- would you favor me with an early reply?

(in) favor of – he spoke in favor of his friend.

Favorable to (a person) for(something)- this situation is favorable to me for doing this.

Feel for, in –I feel for you in your trouble.

Fit for – he is not fit for the job.

Fond of- she is fond of sweets.

Free from – he is now free from danger.

Fill with – this tank is filled with water

Full of- this tank is full of water.

Glance at- he glanced at me casually ./ have a glance at the book.

Good at – he is good at tennis.[ but, he is good for nothing]

Grateful to (a person) for (something)- I am grateful to you for your help.

Greed for he has no greed for wealth.

Guess at – can you guess at her age?

Guilty of- he is guilty of murder.

Hanker after- do not hanker after wealth.

Hard at- he is hard at work before the examination.

Hard of- he is hard of hearing.

Heir of ( a person), to (a property)- he is the heir of his uncle(to the uncle’s property)

Hope for- let us hope for the best.

Hunger for his hunger for knowledge surprised us.

Ignorant of- he is ignorant of this rule.

Ill with- he is ill with fever.

Impose on- the task was imposed on me.

Indebted to- I am indebted to him for this help.

Indifferent to- he is indifferent to our problem.

Indulge in – do not indulge in wine.

[but, do not indulge him with your support.]

Inform (a person), of (something) – he informed the police of the murder

Inferior to -this orange is inferior to that.

Inquire of( a person), about, into (a matter)- I inquired of him about (into) the matter.

Insist on- He insisted on my going home.

Interest in he has a special interest in history.

Interfere with (a person), in( a matter) do not interfere with me in my business.

Invite to – I invited him to dinner.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Involved in – he involved in the plot.

Jealous of- l am not at all jealous of his fortune.

Jump at do not jump at the offer.

Jump to-do not hastily jump to a conclusion.

Jump on- the cat jumped on the table

Jump over – he jumped over the fence.

Junior to – he is junior to me in service.

Junior by – he is junior to me by five years.

Justification of/ for- there is no justification of(for) his conduct.

Key to he has found out the key to his problem.

Kind( noun) of- what kind of paper is it?

[so kind kindness) of you to see me]

Kind(adj) to- she is very kind to the children.

Lack of- I have no lack of friends.

Lacking in – he is lacking in courage.

Lame of – he is lame of one leg.

Lament for- she lamented for her child.

Late in – why are you late so coming.? Laugh at do not laugh at the poor.

Lay by- lay by something for old age.

Liable to he is liable to a fine for his misconduct.

Linking for- she has a liking for music.

Limit to-you should have a limit to your demands

. Limited to- invitation was limited to members only.

Listen to- listen to me. Listen to the news on the radio.

Live on (food)- the cow lives on grass.

Live by he lives by honest means.

Live beyond, within – he lives beyond his means. He lives within his means.

Live for( an ideal)- he lives for the frame.

Look at – look at the moon.

Look after – there is none to look after her.

Look for- l am looking for a good job.

Look into- l am looking into the matter.

Look over he is looking over the answer papers.

Look up- look up the word in the dictionary.

Long for – he longed for the frame.

Loyal to – he is loyal to his master.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Mad with- he is mad with pain.

Made of – this ring is made of gold.

Make for the ship made for England. / make for England at your earliest.

Make out – I cannot make out what you say.

Marry to – he married his daughter to a rich man. She was married to a rich man.

Marry. – She married a Frenchman(A.L.D. Hornby)

Mourn for, over – don’t mourn for(over) the dead.

Need for, of – I have no need for more money. I am in need of money.

Object to – he objected to my proposal.

Oblige ( a person) with or by (doing) something – he obliged me with a loan, or by giving me a loan.

Obliged to – ( a person), for ( a thing) – I am obliged to him for his kind help.

Obsessed by, with – he is obsessed by the idea/ why are people so obsessed with money?

Obstacle to – poverty is often an obstacle to higher studies.

Occupied with ( a business), in (doing a thing) – he is occupied with his studies. He is occupied in writing a letter.

Occur to- (one’s mind) – the idea never occurred to me.

Occur in ( an essay, a poem, etc.) – this line occurs in the poem ‘ the cloud’, written by Shelley

Offend against – you have offended against good manners.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Offended with ( a person) at (an action)- I am offended (displeased) with you at your conduct.

Offensive to – this acrid smell is offensive to me.

Officiate for ( a person) in ( a post) – he officiated for me in that post.

Open to – his plan is open to objection.

Open at- open at page 20.

Opportunity for, of – I have no opportunity for (of) doing the work.

Opposite to- your idea is opposite to mine. our house is opposite to the park.

Overcome with, by (emotion, etc)- he was overcome with fatigue. he was overcome by anger. (COD)

Owe to, for – I owe my all to him./ he still owes for the goods supplied to him.

Parallel to – this road is parallel to that.

Part from ( a person), with ( a thing) – he parted from his friend. she parted with the ring(COD).

Partial to – he is partial to his son.

Partiality for – he has no partiality for his son.

Pass for he passes for a clever man.

Pass away- he passed away last night.

Persist in – He persisted in disturbing me.

Pity for- have pity for the poor.

Play on – He played on guitar.

Pleased with ( a person) for or against (something)- I am pleased with him. I am pleased with the news.

Polite in, to- he is polite in his manners. he is polite to strangers.

Poor in (spirit)- don’t be poor in spirit. he is poor in mathematics.

Popular with he is popular with all for his good behavior.

Prefer (one) to (another) – I prefer coffee to tea.

Preferable to – death is preferable to dishonor

Preside over he presided over the meeting.

Pretend to he does not pretend to have high birth.

Prevent (one) from (doing something) – I prevented him from going there.

Pride(oneself) on, (take pride in)- he prides himself on (takes pride in) his high birth.

Proud of- he is proud of his position.

Prior to – prior to that, he was in a wretched condition.

Prohibit from- I prohibited him from going there.

Prompt in (answers), prompt at (figures)- he is prompt in his answers. he is prompt at figures.

Prone to – he is prone to idleness.

Proportionate to- punishment should be Proportionate to offense.

Provide against (evil days). For (children), with (a thing) – You must provide against evil days for your children. I provide (supply) him with food

Qualified for – He is qualified for the post.

Quick at, of – He is quick at figures. He is quick in understanding

Quarrel with ( a person) for, over, about (something) – They quarreled with one another for (over, about) the property.

Refer to – Refer the matter to him for inquiry

Rejoice at, in – Everyone rejoiced at (in) her success.

[Nesfield says “rejoice in one’s own success”, but “rejoice at the success of another”. But COD does not make any such distinction]

Relevant to – Your remark is not relevant to the point.

Rely on, upon – You can rely on him./ He can be relied upon for that kind of help

Remedy for – There is no remedy for this disease. (COD)

[Nesfield says “remedy for or against snakebite”.]

Remind (one) of (a thing) – I reminded him of his promise.

Render into – Render the passage into Hindi

Replace (one thing) with another – Replace this chair with a new one (COD)

[“In a passive sentence where it is necessary to use ‘by’ to denote an agent, ‘with’ must be used before the name of the thing that is substituted”. – Current English Usage by F.T. Wood]

Require (a thing) of (a person) – I required a loan of him./ What do you require of me?

Resign (oneself) to – I resigned myself to fate.

(In) respect of [ in point of ] – He is junior to me in respect of service.

(With) respect to – We are talking with respect to that matter

Respond to – Nobody responded to my call.

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Responsible to (an authority) for ( an action) – He is responsible to the committee for his action.

Rest with, upon – The whole matter rests (depends) with you. I rest upon (rely on) your promise.

Restore to – Restore his property to him

Restrict to – Admission was restricted to students

Retire from, on – He retired from service on a pension

Rich in – Bihar is rich in minerals

Rid of – Get rid of bad company

Rob of – Somebody robbed him of his purse

Sanguine of – She is sanguine of her success

Satisfied with, of – I am satisfied with him. I am satisfied of the truth

Satisfaction in, with – I find satisfaction in gardening. Great was his satisfaction with his result.

Search for – Their search for the thing was of no avail

(In) search of – They are in search of a nice bird

Sensible of – She is sensible of the risk

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Sensitive to – She is sensitive to cold

Sentence to, for – He was sentenced to death for murder

Senior to – He is senior to me by four years. I am a senior to him in service.

Send for – Send for a doctor immediately

Sick of, for – I am sick of a fever. I am sick of this idle life. He is sick for home

Similar to – This pen is similar to that

Sink in (mud), into (the sea, river, etc) – He sank in the mud. The ship sank into the sea.

Slow of (speech), at (figures), in (doing something) – He is slow of speech. He is slow at figures. He is slow in writing.

The smell of – This glass smells of wine

Smile on – Fortune smiled on him

Stare at – She stared at me.

Stick to – He sticks to his decision

Subject to – This is subject to the approval of the committee

Succeed in – He will succeed in life

Suffer from – He is suffering from fever

Superior to – This type of rice is superior to that

Supply (a person) with (a thing), to (a person) – He supplied us with food. He supplied food to us.

Sure of – I am sure of success

Sympathy for – I have no sympathy for him

Take after – The boy takes after (resembles) his father.

Talk to, with (a person), of, about, over (a thing) – I am talking to (with) Mr.Roy of (about, over) the matter.

Taste for – She has no taste for music

Tell upon – Over-eating tells upon health

Tide over – He will soon tide over the difficulty

Tired of – I am tired of doing the same thing day after day

Think of, about (a person), over (something) – What do you think of (about) him?

Think carefully over his advice.

Tolerant of – We must be tolerant of opposition

Triumph over – Jim and Della triumphed over their poverty

True to – He is true to his master

Trust (a person) with (a thing), to (a person), in God – You may trust me with the work. You may trust the work to me. Trust in God.

Unite with – Be united with your friends

Useful to (a person), for (some purpose) – This book is useful to us for examination

Vain of – She is vain of her beauty

Vary from – His opinion varies from his brother’s

Vexed with (a person), for, at (a thing) – He is vexed with me at my conduct. He is vexed with me for opposing him

Void of – He is void of common sense

Wait for – I waited for him for two hours

Wait on – The nurse waited on (attended ) the patient

Want of – He warned me of the danger

Weak in – He is weak in Mathematics

Weak of – He is weak of understanding

Weary of – He is weary of hard life

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

Wish for – I do not wish for name and fame

Wonder at – I wonder at his ignorance

Worthy of – He is worthy of our praise

Yield to – He yielded to his enemy

Zeal for – He has a zeal for social work

Zealous for, in – He is zealous for improvement in a good cause

Zest for – She has no zest for music

Preposition Rules and Practice for HSC

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