Composition Writing Rules & Format / Composition Writing Rules & Format For SSC HSC Honours Bank BCS

Composition Writing Rules & Format / Composition Writing Rules & Format For SSC HSC Honours Bank BCS
পরীক্ষায় যেভাবে প্রশ্ন হয়—
What do you know about the rainy season? Describe it. Write at least 200 words but don’t exceed 250 words.
পরীক্ষায় যেভাবে উত্তর করতে হয়—

The Rainy Season

Bangladesh is a land of natural beauty. Her beauty changes from season to season. She has six seasons. The rainy season is one of them. The Bangla months of Ashar and Shraban are the months of the rainy season in Bangladesh. I like this season the most. The monsoon creates a rainy season. The southwest monsoon blows along with maximum water vapor during the months of June and July. The monsoon causes heavy rainfall during the rainy season. During the rainy season, the sky remains clouded almost all the time. Sometimes, the sun is not visible at all.

During this time, it rains in torrents. Roads become muddy. Rivers, canals, and ponds are filled with water.

They often overflow their banks. Fields go underwater. Village boys make rafts with banana trees and sticks. They like to roam here and there riding them. I also do the same. The rainy season has great advantages. The current of rainwater carries silt from rivers which makes our soil fertile. Bangladesh is an agricultural country and most of the crops are dependent on rainwater. It helps paddy, jute, vegetables, sugarcane, tea, and many other crops to grow. Besides, it washes away the filth and dirt from the earth’s surface. It also purifies the atmosphere.

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Village people can easily travel by boat from one place to another. We have a good supply of fish this season. Sometimes, I along with my friends go fishing. We enjoy it a lot. However, the rainy season is not wholly free from disadvantages. During this season, roads become muddy and slippery. The poor and shelterless people suffer much during this season because they have no abode to protect them from rain. Moreover, too much rainfall causes flood which damages our crops, washes away cattle and huts, and affects the economy of our country. However, with all its merits and demerits, the rainy season is still a blessing for our country and this is why I like it the most.

Composition Writing Rules & Format / Composition Writing Rules & Format For SSC HSC Honours Bank BCS

Composition সম্পর্কে কিছু কথা

সাধারণভাবে composition বলতে কোনো বিষয়ের ওপর যেকোনো লেখাকে বোঝায়। কিন্তু এর একটি স্বতন্ত্র অর্থও আছে। Composition হচ্ছে নাতিদীর্ঘ (of moderate length) কোনো রচনা, যার মাধ্যমে লেখক কোনো বিষয়বস্তুর ওপর সহজ ও সাবলীল ভাষায় তার সুচিন্তিত অভিমত ধারাবাহিকভাবে প্রকাশ করে থাকে। Composition লেখার কোনো ধরাবাঁধা নিয়ম নেই। তবে এতে অবশ্যই নিচের অংশগুলো থাকতে হবে :

1. A beginning (সূচনা) 2. A middle (গর্ভ) 3. An end (উপসংহার)

সূচনাতে লেখক কী সম্পর্কে লিখতে যাচ্ছে তা পাঠককে বলতে হবে। তবে এতে অধিক সময় নষ্ট করা ঠিক নয়; কারণ এটি composition সম্পর্কে শুধু প্রাথমিক ধারণা দিয়ে থাকে।

Middle বা গর্ভে বিষয়বস্তুর প্রধান প্রধান point গুলোর ওপর লেখকের অভিমত একাধিক অনুচ্ছেদে (paragraph-এ) পর্যায়ক্রমে প্রকাশ করতে হবে এবং অনুচ্ছেদগুলোর আকার যতদূর সম্ভব ছোট ও প্রাঞ্জল হওয়া বাঞ্ছনীয় উপসংহারে যা লেখা হয়েছে তার ওপর লেখকের নিজস্ব মতামত ব্যক্ত করতে হবে।

Composition Writing Rules & Format / and Composition Writing Rules & Format For SSC HSC Honours Bank BCS

Composition এর প্রকারভেদ

Now Composition বিভিন্ন প্রকার হতে পারে। তবে পাঠ্যসূচিতে ৪ প্রকার composition-এর উল্লেখ আছে। যেমন: 1. Descriptive composition: এ ধরনের composition-এ কোনো ব্যক্তি, স্থান, বস্তু বা ঘটনার বর্ণনা দেওয়া হয়। যেমন: My mother, My best friend, Our village or town, Our college, My home, A village market, My favorite game, The seasons of Bangladesh ইত্যাদি।

2. Narrative composition: এ ধরনের composition-এ কোনো ঘটনা, দুর্ঘটনা, ভ্রমণ ইত্যাদির বিবরণ দেওয়া হয়। যেমন: A train journey, A visit to a fair, How I celebrated my last birthday, A wedding I attended, A cricket match I witnessed, An interesting place I visited ইত্যাদি।

3. Persuasive/Argumentative composition: এ ধরনের composition-এ লেখক কোনো বিতর্কিত বিষয়ের ওপর পক্ষে বা বিপক্ষে তার মতামত প্রকাশ করে থাকে। যেমন: A city life is better than country life, Men and women should have equal rights, Only the rich people are happy ইত্যাদি।

4. Imaginative and creative composition: এ ধরনের composition-এ লেখক কোনো কাল্পনিক পরিস্থিতির ওপর তার অনুভূতি ও কাজের (actions-এর) বর্ণনা দিয়ে থাকে। যেমন: If I were a bird, If I were the prime minister, If I had a lot of money ইত্যাদি।

Composition Writing Rules & Format / Composition Writing Rules & Format For SSC HSC Honours Bank BCS

Writing Composition

Narrative and Descriptive Compositions

1. Write a composition on “ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup 2029”

ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup 2020

The game of Cricket is one of the most entertaining and celebrated sports in the world. Its popularity in South Asia is frantically massive. International Cricket Council (ICC) organizes a biennial cricket tournament, known as the “ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup”, which is contested by national Under-19 teams. The first edition of the event was held in 1988 with eight countries, but the following editions have included sixteen teams. India has won the title on four occasions, while Australia has won three times, Pakistan twice, and Bangladesh, England, South Africa, and the West Indies once each. ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup 2020 was held in South Africa from 17 January to 9 February 2020.

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It was the thirteenth edition of the event. Sixteen teams took part in the tournament, divided into four groups of four countries. The top two teams from each group advanced to the Super League and the bottom two teams advanced to the Plate League. In the first Super League semi-final, India beat Pakistan by ten wickets to advance to the final. In the second Super League semi-final, Bangladesh beat New Zealand by six wickets, with Mahmudul Hasan Joy scoring a century. The final match took place at Senwes Cricket Stadium in Potchefstroom, South Africa. Bangladesh won the toss and chose to bowl first. Bangladesh bowled superbly and India was all out for 177 runs in 47.2 overs. Avishek Das, Shoriful Islam, and Tanzim Hasan Sakib were the most successful Bangladeshi bowlers.

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Due to a rain interruption, Bangladesh was given a revised target of 170 runs from 46 overs, based on the DLS (Duckworth-Lewis-Stern) method. Bangladesh chased down the score in 42.1 overs keeping three wickets in hands. Captain Akbar Ali stonewalled the Indian attack and helped the team win the match scoring an unbeaten 43. Parvez Hossain Emon ignored physical pain while scoring a gritty 47. The captain, however, was adjudged the “Man of the Match” for anchoring the team towards victory. The title was Bangladesh’s first win in an ICC event at any level. Such an outstanding and historic win created euphoria among the Bangladeshi fans. The triumph will undoubtedly inspire the whole nation in the years to come.

2. Write a short composition on “Rumours and False News in Social Media and its Effects” in around 200

Rumors and False News in Social Media and its Effects

The word “rumor” means ‘a currently circulating story or report of uncertain or doubtful truth.’ In the world of modern technology when there are so many platforms called social media, people are now connected with one other virtually. Every minute they are sending and spreading messages and freely writing what’s on their mind. So there remains a chance of such things happening. But its consequences are sometimes heavy and create unrest in the society.

A few months back, a rumor spread countrywide that the Padma Bridge requires ‘human heads’ for its completion by December 2020 and it went viral on social media. As a result, the rumor spread quickly and mob attacks on the suspected kidnappers became rampant which claimed, at least, 8 people in the vigilante lynching by the mobs, and at least 30 people were attacked in suspect of kidnapping and murdering children.

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The most tragic of these attacks took place at the heart of Dhaka where a mother of a four-year-old child went to an Uttar Badda school to enquire about the admission process. The mob found her presence suspicious and she was then accused of kidnapping and was beaten to death. Videos of that event, also, went viral on social media, especially on Facebook. Anthropologists have tried to get to the bottom of the mass attacks and found some age-old facts. The basis of the rumor is an age-old myth regarding human sacrifice needed for the construction of sturdy structures.

They also have found some links with the existing socio-economic conditions related to the globalized, capitalist economy. However, to believe in rumors at this moment of rapid economic development is quite astonishing. It has some connections with the current historical “situation” that has generated a mixed feeling of possibility and powerlessness, modern desires and vast despairs, as well as cohorts of jobless youth. It is evident that the unemployment rate among the youth has been raised significantly over the years. Rumors and misdeeds can only be stopped by establishing a just and civilized society.

3. Write a composition on ‘COVID-19: A menace to Human Civilization and Boon to Nature’.

COVID-19: A Menace to Human Civilization and Boon to Nature

Since humans had emerged as an organized species on the earth, they faced millions of challenges and some of these brought them close to annihilation. The recent COVID-19 pandemic is such an instance as it has threatened the very existence of the human race. We are so far helpless against this disease caused by a specific strain of Coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 as scientists have not been able to find a cure or vaccine yet. The entire human civilization has come to a standstill. After the initial outbreak, almost all the countries have stopped all financial and social activities and decided to take a ‘stay at home’ policy to ensure social distancing.

The disease so far has been proved invincible to any medical measures. Hence, social distancing is the only viable solution to the problem to date. However, the aftermath of this global lockdown is grim. The global economy is faced with an imminent recession. Countries Par as Bangladesh, overly populated and laden with extreme poverty, are at the threat of unemployment and famine. Developed countries are fighting the outbreak with efficient medical service which is absent in our country. Are we then on the verge of absolute disaster?

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No, if we are conscious about dos and don’ts. We need to limit human interaction unless it is necessary. We will maintain personal hygiene, wear masks and hand gloves, and practice social distancing as directed by the medical authorities. So we need to keep our distance from one another only to keep closer. We need to save the individual to the community. The disease or the virus has created a dual impact on human civilization and nature. While we are facing death and decay, nature is healing significantly. The flora and fauna are rejuvenating while human invasion has ceased even if it is temporary.

The biggest hole in the Ozone layer has already repaired itself while the air quality has radically improved. The oceans have regained their natural undisturbed ecosystem. Perhaps, this pandemic has come to make us realize what we had done to nature and what we should do to sustain a parallel existence without destroying it.

4. Write a composition on ‘The Father of the Bengali Nation: Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman” within 250 words.

The Father of the Bengali Nation: Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

The Founding Father of our nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the greatest Bengali in the history of a thousand years. He was the charismatic leader who paved the journey of our nation to sovereignty. Born in Tungipara in 1920, Bangabandhu showed his potential as a political leader through his undaunted stance thin the language movement. Gradually, he became our supreme leader by being at the frontline of our decades-long struggle against then-West Pakistan. As the leader of the Awami League, he played the most vital role in the movements in the 50s that culminated in the later 60s. These, eventually, led to our struggle for independence in 1971.

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Just before his arrest on the night of March 25, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman sent a message about a crackdown on Bengalis and declared the independence of Bangladesh. After the victory on 16 December 1971, Bangabandhu returned to the free and sovereign Bangladesh on 10 January 1972. He became the Prime Minister of Bangladesh under a parliamentary system adopted by the new country. Bangladesh is indebted to Bangabandhu for her emergence. Without him, she would be a mere fragment of an unfulfilled dream. Despite this fact, Bangabandhu was assassinated along with the majority of his family members. We can never compensate for the grievances done to the very man who had been the architect of our nation. Our heart bleeds; we cry. We are now trying our potential.

7. Write a composition on Your Visit to a Place of Historical Interest.

My Visit to a Place of Historical Interest

Bangladeshi culture is imbued with a mystic philosophy which is part of its heritage. There are quite a good number of places of historical importance in the region and Mahasthangarh is one of those sites carrying that philosophical essence. It is one of the earliest urban archaeological sites so far discovered in Bangladesh. It was a long-cherished dream of mine that someday I would visit this place. Recently, I got a chance to visit this historical place which enriched my understanding of our heritage.The Mahasthangarh is thought to be dated back to at least the 3rd century BC.

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The village Mahasthan in Shibganjthana of Bogra District contains the remains of an ancient city which was called Pundranagara or Paundravardhanapura in the territory of Pundravardhana. The main attraction of Mahasthangarh is GovindaBhita, where I visited the remnants of two Buddhist temples. Opposite of GovindaBhita, near the north side of the citadel, is the Mahasthan Archaeological Museum. Though I found the museum quite small, it surely has a well-maintained collection of pieces recovered from the archaeological site discovered in the early 30s of the last century.

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The statues of Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses, terracotta plaques depicting daily life, as well as some well-preserved bronze images found in nearby monastery ruins dating back to the pre-Pala period, are some of the relics found during the excavation. There are even some antiques used for rituals in the Mauryan period. The overall experience of the visit has nourished my curiosity and my desire to revisit our roots. I feel proud of our age-old heritage, a history that uplifts our identity in the world.

8. Write a short composition on ‘The Natural Beauties of Bangladesh’.

The Natural Beauties of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is situated in South Asia. is a country of gorgeous greenery on the shore of the Bay of Bengal. Many rivers, birds, forests, historical places, and above all, six seasons have made this country enchantingly beautiful. Bangladesh is a land of rivers. The Padma, the Meghna, and the Jamuna are the big rivers. Fishermen catching fish using small boats is a common scene here. This scene enhances the beauty of Bangladesh. There are various kinds of flowers and fruits which have made the country attractive and magical. Our country takes different colours with the help of various kinds of flowers. Bangladesh has some beautiful places like the Sundarbans, Cox’s Bazar and Kuakata Sea Beaches, Chattogram Hill Tracts, etc.

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These places have extraordinary beauties which attract the tourists from home and abroad. In Sylhet, one can enjoy the beauty of tea gardens and taste tea of various kinds. Birds play an important role to make Bangladesh beautiful. There are various types of birds in our country. We meet some guest birds during winter. The melodious singing of birds pleases our minds. We rise early in the morning hearing the sweet tunes of different birds. Bangladesh is a country with six seasons. It takes different looks in different seasons. People forget the monotony of life and start their work anew with the change of seasons. At last, we can say that Bangladesh is blessed with natural beauty. Many poets have written their poems on the beauty of Bangladesh. We feel proud of being citizens of this small but beautiful country.

Write a short composition on “Modern Technology and Globalization”. Use at least 200 words and do not exceed 250 words.

Modern Technology and Globalization

Globalization is a process of expanding relations, communication, trade, and commerce all over the world. Through this, people of the world build up a mutual understanding, exchange views, share information, make co-operation and friendship. Over the last two/three decades, globalization has experienced a tremendous advancement in every sphere of life due to the frequent use of technology. And technology acts as a catalyst in the process of globalization. Technology-based globalization ensures a digital society based on ICT (Information and Communication Technology) knowledge, where information will be readily available online and all possible tasks of world trade and communication will be processed using modern technology.

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In fact, the development of technology and the development of globalization are going hand in hand. Now, we all believe in establishing technology-driven e-governance, e-commerce, e-production, e-agriculture, e-health, etc throughout the world. The process of globalization requires a common medium of communication. And it is through the internet that all sorts of information related to trade and business and bilateral relations are exchanged in no time. In education, business, trade, and commerce, it is playing an important role all over the world. Bangladesh is a developing country. Here, the number of internet users is very few. But nowadays, the internet is being used in banks, insurance companies, commercial centers, etc. Now, through e-commerce, people can purchase their desired products without going to the market. Thus, technology is playing a massive role in developing Bangladesh through globalization.

10. Write a short composition on ‘Your Childhood Memories’

My Childhood Memories

Childhood is the sweetest period in a person’s life. I often remember the days of my childhood. Whenever I remember those days, I feel very happy and nostalgic. In my childhood, my mother was my first teacher who taught me many things. She was actually my first teacher, who taught me the Bangla and English alphabet. I learned how to read and write from her. My elder brother and my neighboring friends were my playmates. I remember how we used to play hide-and-seek, gather plums or guavas that fell from trees and eat them with great relish and pleasure. We sometimes quarrelled with one another but became friends again. Once I attended the sports day at my elder brother’s school. There was a children’s race in which I became first. It was really a matter of pride for me at that moment.

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One day, we heard the sad news. We rushed to our grandfather’s house. I saw my grandfather lying on his bed with a white sheet covering him as if he were sleeping. All were weeping. I wept too. It was the first death scene in my life. It was a very sad event in my life because he loved me very much, told me interesting stories, and bought me toys.

When I was only five and a half years old, my father took me to N. Preparatory English School. It was a very happy and exciting day. The Headmistress asked me a few questions. At first, I was a bit shy but I could answer all the questions and I was allowed to attend KG classes. I made several friends in the school. How happy I was in my childhood days! The happy memories of those days still fill my heart with great joy. I wish I could go back to those days again.

11. Everybody has an aim in life. No one can succeed in life without an aim in life. Now, write a composition on “Your Aim in Life/The Career You Have Selected/Your Future Plan of Life”

My Aim in Life /The Career I Have Selected/My Future Plan of Life

Every man has aimed for his future. Aimless life is like a boat without a rudder that can never reach its goal. So, to succeed in life one should select one’s career very early in life. This is called an aim in life. Now I am a student. I believe this is the best time to select my career. I have decided to be a teacher. And I know, it is a very hard task. But I want to develop my nation. A good teacher can lead the nation to the highest stage of prosperity if he can properly teach the students with his ideal.

I want to serve the nation by teaching properly. A good teacher lives in the mind of the people of a nation forever. Our nation is a poor one. Illiteracy is a vital cause of our poverty. It is the root of all of our hindrances. If our students are properly educated, they will be able to alleviate poverty. By being a teacher, I am determined to serve the nation. In order to fulfill my future plan, I must acquire some degrees. I sympathize with all students who fail in English. So, I want to be a teacher of English. After passing my HSC Examination, I will do my Honours and Masters in English.

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After acquiring the degrees, I shall join an academic institution to teach the students with my best efforts. I would like to choose a rural area as my working place. I would like to serve my country sincerely. Considering the overall level of skills in English in our country, I would like to improve it cordially. Though English is a foreign language, we cannot pass even a day without its use in this modern era.

In this regard, I shall teach my students the four skills of language-listening, speaking, reading, and writing within the shortest possible time. I pray to Allah for the success of my future plan. I have been studying heart and soul to build up a strong background in English. Apart from the textbooks, I regularly go through English newspapers, magazines, periodicals, journals, etc. to improve my stock of vocabulary in English. I hope I shall be able to transform my aim or future plan into reality by the grace of the Almighty.

12. Great people make history. They inspire us with the deeds and the greatness of their characters. They are the leaders of the world. Now, write a composition in 200-250 words on ‘Your Favourite Personality’.

My Favourite Personality/ The Person I Like Most

People around us are our near and dear ones with whom we feel the strongest bond. Yet, we are drawn to the world’s great personalities who have made history. Their charismatic personality, deeds, and greatness work like a powerful magnet that attracts all. Hence, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is my favorite personality. His numerous qualities, both social and political, and his humanity attract me so much that I aspire to follow his footprints throughout my life. Bangabandhu was born on 17 March, 1920 in Tungipara, Gopalganj. From an early age, he was an ardent social worker. In school, he was known as ‘Mia Bhai’ for his leadership quality.

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Moreover, he had a big heart. Once, he distributed almost all the rice from the family granary among the villagers facing scarcity of food. He never thought twice before giving away his own warm clothes to the people suffering from cold in winter. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was an advocate of democracy. He spent most of his life in jail for his country, but he never gave in, rather started over more vigorously. As a great political leader, he was a charismatic and forceful orator. His speech on 7 March 1971 is one of the world’s documentary heritage. This speech is stimulating enough to drag someone to sacrifice his life for the country. He is the harbinger of freedom for all Bangalees. So he actively took part in every movement of then East Pakistan including the Language Movement, Six-point Movement, Mass Movement, and finally, the Liberation War of 1971.

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Then he declared the independence of Bangladesh on the first hour of 26 March 1971 just before his arrest. Following the declaration, the heroic sons of our land fought against the Pakistani occupation force and established an independent Bangladesh. Thus, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman became the ‘Father of the Nation’, the founder of independent Bangladesh. To recapitulate, Bangabandhu inspires me in every way with his distinguished personality. He is not a mere individual; Then he is an institution. He is the architect of the nation. He is the only leader who has, in terms of blood, race, language, culture, and birth, been a full-fledged ‘Bangalee. That’s why I like him most and want to advance in life with his dream of ‘Sonar Bangla’.

13. Write a composition on ‘Patriotism’.

Patriotism

Patriotism is a very significant word. It has a high value in terms of a person’s true love towards his/her country. With the quality, they love and do good deeds for the welfare of the country. It is undoubtedly a great virtue. Without patriotism, a person becomes a valueless citizen of the country. They are not imbued with the slogan of doing good things for the country. Without this quality, a person becomes the enemy of the country. So, patriotism must be nurtured in the minds of the countrymen for the overall benefit of the country. With the virtue of patriotism, Bangladesh gained its independence in 1971. It is major evidence of the people’s patriotic quality towards the country. Absorbed in the motto of patriotism, they fought with the occupation forces of Pakistan and earned victory.

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Millions of people embraced martyrdom due to the noble cause of freedom. They loved their country very much. They fought against their enemies with their patriotic zeal. During the period, thousands of people opposed Liberation War and helped Pakistanis kill Bangalees. They are the war criminals and our enemies. They are obviously not the patriots. Patriotism shows the profound spirit and dynamism of a true citizen of a country. His/her thoughts and ideas always develop centering on the welfare of the country as well as its people. Patriotism not only means love towards the country but also means standing beside the poor, underprivileged and destitute.

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During the incidents of natural calamities, generous people must stand by the side of the victims. They must come to help the flood and earthquake-hit people. Patriotism makes a person noble and great. It is a great virtue. If we look back at the outstanding personalities of the country as well as the world, we will see millions of patriotic people. With their good deeds and contributions, the world is still a habitable place. We must nurture patriotism in us for the total welfare of humanity.

14. Write a composition on ‘Bangabandhu Satellite-1’.

Bangabandhu Satellite-1

A satellite (man-made) refers to an artificial body placed in orbit around the earth or on another planet in order to collect information or for communication purposes. The Bangabandhu Satellite-1 is the first Bangladeshi geostationary communications satellite, which was launched on May 11, 2018. The satellite is named after the father of the nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. It has added a new dimension to our information and communicating technology sector. The satellite was designed and manufactured by Thales Alenia Space and its launch provider was SpaceX.

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The project was implemented by Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) and it was the first payload launched by a Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket. The satellite’s launch station was Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, USA and the ground control stations are in Betbunia&Gazipur in Bangladesh. The satellite was expected to be located at the 119.1° East longitude geostationary slot which will cover all the SAARC countries as well Indonesia, Philippines, Myanmar, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkestan, and a part of Kazakhstan. With a total mass of 3700 kg and powered by 2 deployable solar arrays and batteries, the expected longevity of the satellite is 15 years. After launching the satellite, Bangladesh began to receive test signals from it on May 12, 2018. It is important to note that the satellite will provide Ku-band and C-band television broadcast and data relay services across Bangladesh and neighboring areas.

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This satellite will bring about massive development and an uninterrupted telecommunication system in Bangladesh, especially in broadcasting, telecommunications, and internet service for which Bangladesh usually relies on other countries. At present, Bangladesh is spending more than $14 million annually on satellite rent to ensure smooth connectivity of telecommunication services, television and radio broadcasting, and the internet. It is expected that the expenses of the satellite would yield within seven years of its service. Again, the country would earn $1 billion in 15 years by leasing out transponders and another $1.5 billion by selling other services to different countries. With this satellite, the communication system of Bangladesh will gather a néw momentum.

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The fields of telemedicine, e-learning, e-research, video conferencing, defense, and disaster management systems will also be significantly improved in Bangladesh owing to this satellite. The launch of the satellite indicates the beginning of a new era in the history of Bangladesh. A country once considered poor and unworthy, is now reaching for the stars. This single event signifies the endless possibilities for the nation in the years to come.

15. Write a composition on ‘Natural Calamities in Bangladesh’.

Natural Calamities in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a land of natural calamities. Flood, cyclones, droughts, famine, etc. destroy life and property almost every year. People live here fighting against these frequent natural disasters. Of all these natural calamities, flood is the most common here. Every year during the rainy season, many parts of the country get submerged. Floods in our country are caused due to many reasons. Heavy rainfall is the main cause of floods. It causes a sudden increase in the water level in the rivers and canals, which overflows their banks and causes floods. Flood lasting for a long time is a curse to the people of our country as it causes huge loss of life and property.

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The crop fields, houses, roads, and streets go underwater. Crops and vegetables are damaged, and thousands of people become homeless. They face scarcity of food, drinking water, and shelter. Various types of waterborne diseases like cholera, diarrhea, and typhoid break out during floods. Cyclone is another natural calamity in our country. During the last few years, several devastating cyclones hit Bangladesh and caused immense suffering to the people. In Bangladesh, it usually originates from the Bay of Bengal and is often associated with thunders and heavy showers. It takes away the lives of many people and animals.

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Cyclones also create a scarcity of food and spread different kinds of diseases like dysentery, cholera, fever, etc. in all the affected areas. However, the losses in natural calamities can be reduced to some extent by using modern technology of weather prevented by building embankments and barrages and by forecasting and prior warning. And flood can also be developing a well-planned water passage system. The river beds should be dredged for carrying more water. Effective measures should be taken by the concerned authorities to mitigate the suffering of the victims caused by natural disasters. In a nutshell, it can be said that natural calamities hinder the overall development process of developing countries like Bangladesh. So, steps should be taken to mitigate the adverse effects for the greater interest of the country.

16. Write a short composition on ‘War of Independence.

War of Independence

War of Independence or Liberation War of Bangladesh refers to the war between West Pakistan (now Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) that lasted for roughly nine months in 1971. The war resulted in Bangladesh’s independence from Pakistan. Since the end of British rule in 1947, East Pakistan was under the domination of West Pakistan. From the very beginning, the Pakistani oppressive rulers exploited the Bangalees economically, socially, politically, and militarily. In 1952, when the West tried to impose Urdu as the official language in the East, a linguistic-cultural movement began.

A number of students died during the Language Movement. In fact, this was the first significant indication that Bangalees would be oppressed in the years to come. The fight for independence started on March 26, 1971, and continued for nine months. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman led the struggle for freedom.
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But right after the declaration of independence, he was arrested and taken to West Pakistan by the Pakistani rulers. However, the struggle did not stop. As political events gathered momentum, the stage was set for a clash between the Pakistan Army and the Bangalees. People from all walks of life joined the war. Bangalee military, paramilitary, and civilians formed the ‘Mukti Bahini’.

They fought face to face against the Pakistani occupational force. On the international political spectrum, the United States supported Pakistan both politically and materially while the Soviet Union had sympathized with the Bangalees. Indian Army, provoked by Pakistan, also fought along with the Mukti Bahini during the final stage of the war. About 3 million people sacrificed their lives in the war. Finally, on 16 December 1971, the Pakistani army surrendered unconditionally. Bangladesh became an independent nation. The history of the War of Independence inspires us to fight against injustice and tyranny.

17. Write a short composition on ‘Your Favourite Hobby’.

My Favourite Hobby

A hobby could be a man’s favorite activity, but it is not necessarily his main profession. It is an interesting mode to enjoy our leisure period. Different men have different hobbies. Some like gardening, some painting, some like collecting stamps, and so on. I love flowers and plants. So, my favorite hobby is gardening. My garden is in front of my reading room. I have various kinds of flower plants in my garden. There are rose, chameli, gandharaj, bakul, marigold, sheuli, dalia, etc. in it.

I also grow some vegetables in one corner of the garden. The garden has a strong fence around it. So, cattle or naughty children cannot do harm to my garden. My garden is very dear to me. Various flowers make the garden look very beautiful. I enjoy their beauty and sweet fragrance. It has also enhanced the beauty of our house.

We also get fresh vegetables from my garden. My hobby gives me boundless joy and delight. It always keeps me cheerful. It has also made me physically strong and active, I can utilize my leisure through gardening.

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No other hobby can give me more joy than gardening. For all these reasons, it is very favorable to me. I return home from school in the afternoon. Then, I enter my garden with a spade or hoe. I make the soil loose. I also weed out grasses. After that, I water the plants. Sometimes, I put fertilizers and insecticides in the garden. Usually, I work for one hour in my garden in the afternoon. On some evenings, my younger sister and I walk in the garden and enjoy the charming beauty of the flowers. Sometimes, I pluck flowers from it, and decorate our house and my reading room. I also gift flowers to my friends. My hobby is a great source of joy and pleasure for me. For its various utilities, I like it very much. Everybody should have a nice hobby of his or her own.

18. Write a composition on ‘The Rivers of Bangladesh’.

The Rivers of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a land of rivers. Hundreds of rivers have crisscrossed this delta. Many of these rivers are wide and long. Rivers play an important role in the economy of this country. The prime drivers are the Padma, the Meghna, the Jamuna, and the Karnaphuli. The Karnaphuli originates from the Lusai Mountains. The other rivers originate from the Himalayas and they all flow into the Bay of Bengal. The rivers are very useful for our existence. They are helpful for our agriculture. So they are important for the water transportation system.

They are the source of fish and fish is our main food along with rice. The rivers bring enough silt which makes the soil fertile.

The rivers are interrelated with our lives. River-ways are important for transportation. Our rivers are a great source of wealth. They are the homes of many fishes, birds, and plants. The people of Bangladesh are greatly influenced by rivers. The art and culture of our people are also reflected by the rivers. Many people’s livelihoods depend on rivers.

Besides all these, our rivers are also a source of energy. Its strong current can produce electricity. The Karnaphuli Hydro-Electric Project is an instance of this. Our drivers are responsible for floods that affect our economy. Floods take away the valuable lives and wealth of our people. If rivers are not properly dredged and deepened, they will never be useful to us in any way. Bangladesh has more than 230 rivers. They are the gifts of Nature. Because of the lack of proper knowledge, they are not properly utilized. We should take proper steps to get more benefits from our rivers.

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20. Write a composition on ‘The Season You Like Most’

The Season I Like Most

Bangladesh is a land of natural beauty. There are six seasons in Bangladesh. The spring is one of them. It is the best, the loveliest, and the most charming of all the seasons. The Bangla months of Falgun and Chaitra make this season. I like this season most. Among the seasons, the spring occupies a very high position. To me, the winter is very cold, dull, and lifeless. In summer, the scorching sun, hot days, and nights make life miserable. The heavy rain and frequent floods in the rainy season bring great suffering to the people.

The autumn and the late autumn have more, or fewer disadvantages than the rainy season and the winter respectively.

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But the spring has none of the inconveniences of these seasons. Coming after winter, it captivates the hearts of all. With the arrival of the spring, nature puts on a lively look. Everything in nature looks fresh. The sky looks clear and blue, trees put forth new leaves, and flowers of charming color and scent bloom on trees. Bees and butterflies hum and fly from one flower to another. During this season, a gentle breeze begins to blow. Sweet twitters of birds are heard. The melodious notes of the cuckoo please our ears.

All these charming and pleasing sights and sounds have a positive influence on our minds. Everywhere there is joy and mirth. People also enjoy better health. Besides, during this time, various kinds of vegetables and fruits are also available. The season lasts for a very short period. During this season, some people suffer from diseases like diarrhea, cholera, chickenpox, etc. In spite of its few disadvantages, its positive aspects are overwhelming. Truly speaking, its actual presence in Bangladesh is not more than two or three weeks. Perhaps, its short stay has made it dearer to us. For all these reasons, I like spring the most.

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20. Write a short composition to express your opinion on ‘The Birds of Bangladesh’

The Birds of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a land of trees and rivers. So different kinds of birds are seen in our country. Most of us do not even know the names of all the birds around us. Different birds live in different places. They eat different types of foods. Birds are of different colors, sizes, and habits. Some birds are helpful to human beings whereas some are destructive to our crops. Some are pet birds and some are wild. Doel is our national bird. Among the birds, the crow is the most familiar.

It is not attractive but useful. It eats up dead animals, rotten food, and dirty things and thereby keeps our environment clean. But it has a bad habit of stealing food from houses and kitchens. The cuckoo is a black bút sweet bird. It is popular for its sweet singing tune. It is found during the spring season, so it is called “The harbinger of spring.” There are domestic birds such as pigeons, swans, cock, parrot, mayna, and Krakatau. Mayna can imitate the human voice. Kingfisher and woodpecker are wild birds.

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Some of the wild birds are well-known for their beauty. Dove, pigeon, bittern, heron, Patridge, and teal fall in the category of game birds.

The birds like kites and hawks have keen eyes and sharp nails. They catch their prey and carry it away. So, they are called plundering birds. Tuntuni, babui, and swallow are called tailor birds because they show great skill in weaving their nests. The vulture is big, but not pretty to look at. The owl looks fierce but harmless. They come out only at night. Some birds come to our country from abroad during winter. They are called migratory birds. Birds are wonderful gifts of nature. They make our environment balanced.

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